Howe, William

SUBJECT AREA: Civil engineering
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b. 12 May 1803 Spencer, Massachusetts, USA
d. 19 September 1852 Springfield, Massachusetts, USA
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American bridge engineer.
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He was uncle of Elias Howe and spent his youth in the neighbourhood of his birthplace, primarily as a farmer. In 1838 he was commissioned to build a bridge at Warren, Massachusetts, for the Boston \& Albany Railway. He worked on this for two years, incorporating some novel features for which he applied for patents. His design was a truss with wooden diagonals and vertical iron ties in single and double systems which was said to be an improvement on the Long type of truss, introduced by Colonel Stephen Long in 1830. Howe was the first to incorporate the rectangular truss frame. Soon after this, he was to use his patent truss over the Connecticut River at Springfield for the Western Railroad. So successful was he that he became engaged for the rest of his life in the design of bridges and roof trusses, which, together with selling royalties for the rights to his patents, brought to him a considerable fortune. Many Howe truss bridges were built until the introduction of the iron bridge. In 1846 he took out a third patent for an improvement in the original rectangular truss, consisting of a curved timber member rising from each buttress to the centre of the span and greatly adding to the strength.
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Further Reading
Dictionary of American Biography, 1932–3, New York: Charles Scribner.
IMcN

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Howe, William — ▪ American inventor born May 12, 1803, Spencer, Mass., U.S. died Sept. 19, 1852, Springfield, Mass.       U.S. inventor who pioneered in the development of truss bridges in the U.S.       An uncle of Elias Howe, the sewing machine inventor,… …   Universalium

  • Howe, William Howe, 5th Viscount — born Aug. 10, 1729 died July 12, 1814, Plymouth, Devonshire, Eng. British military commander. The brother of Adm. Richard Howe, he fought in the last French and Indian War (1754–63), in which he earned a reputation as one of the army s most… …   Universalium

  • Howe, William Howe, 5° vizconde — (10 ago. 1729–12 jul. 1814, Plymouth, Devonshire, Inglaterra). Jefe militar británico. Hermano del almirante Richard Howe, combatió en la última guerra francesa e india (1754–63), en la que adquirió fama de ser uno de los generales jóvenes más… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Howe, William, Viscount — (1729 1814)    Brother of George Augustus, Viscount Howe (q.v.), and Admiral Lord Howe. Commanded light infantry under Wolfe at Quebec, 1759. Succeeded Gage as commander in chief in America, 1775. Commanded forces at Bunker Hill. Defeated… …   The makers of Canada

  • William Francis Howe — Jr. (1888 – 10 November 1952) was an American stockbroker and Brigadier General who served in World War I and World War II. Staff (November 10, 1952). BRIG. GEN. HOWE, WORLD WARS HERO; Dies at His Home in Nantucket. Won Army Medals in France Held …   Wikipedia

  • William Steffe — (1830 1890) collected and edited a camp meeting song with the traditional Glory Hallelujah refrain, in about 1856. [Annie J. Randall, A Censorship of Forgetting: Origins and Origin Myths of Battle Hymn of the Republic , in Music, Power, and… …   Wikipedia

  • William Howe — Sir William Howe General Años de servicio 1746 1803 …   Wikipedia Español

  • William Howe — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Howe. William Howe William Howe (né le 10 août 1729, en Angleterre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Howe — /how/, n. 1. E(dgar) W(atson), 1853 1937, U.S. novelist and editor. 2. Elias, 1819 67, U.S. inventor of the sewing machine. 3. Gordon (Gordie), born 1928, Canadian ice hockey player. 4. Irving, 1920 93, U.S. social historian and literary critic.… …   Universalium

  • William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… …   Universalium

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